Lime Tree and Meyer Lemon Tree
Lime and Lemon are the most popular fruits in the citrus family. This could be due to their versatile usage in nutrition and health care. Aside from having the same acidity and probably same flavor and scent, their cultivation also have some slight differences. The following would shed more light on the requirements necessary for the growth of the lime tree and Meyer lemon tree.
Successful cultivation of Lime and Lemon largely depends on water/rainfall, heat, soil type and climatic conditions. So, for maximum yield, it is imperative that lime trees are cultivated at seasons when the climate is dry with minimal rainfall. Lemon trees, on the other hand, tend to thrive well in the humid season with heavy rainfall. But ideally, both fruit should be planted between June and July.
Planting and Propagation
Loamy soil that has no or minimal traces of calcium carbonate is used for the both fruits. Then, holes of 50cm by 50cm with six meters spacing in between are dug for the planting. The fruits can be propagated using seedling and budding method. However, it is highly recommended that seedling method is used. This is because lime and lemon seedlings are resistance to diseases which makes cultivation easier.
During the dry season, young plantations should be watered at 8 to 10 days interval. Care should be taken when watering so that the trunk of the trees are not allowed to have direct contact with water. Consequently, ring and basin system of watering should be adopted.
Naturally, citrus fruits have a low intensity of flowering. But to have the full crop, watering is stopped for a while so as force the tree to intensify on its flowering. This break in irrigation is done within 1 to 2 months and is resumed immediately the tree starts flowering. Flowering trees should be watered every 10 to 15 days depending on the amount of rainfall available at that period of time.
Other important factors
There are varieties of lime and Lemon species, and the best suited for the region where planting is to take place should be used. Furthermore, manures and fertilizers can be used to improve nutrition. The proper formulation of farm yard manure, urea and superphosphate can be used on each plant twice a year. Nitrogen can also be applied every 15 days on each tree after it has set its fruits.
Also, the use of pesticides should be planned for as lime tree and lemon tree have pests and diseases that may hinder yield. That’s why it was stated above that there should be no direct contact between water and the tree trunk as this prevents soil borne diseases from attacking the tree trunk. They should also be protected against the wind. Then lastly, citrus fruits use energy from sunlight to carry out photosynthesis. So, that should also be considered as the lack of sunlight hinders yield.
It takes a total of 10 to 15 years to plant and harvest a mature lime tree and lemon tree. But from 5 years and above, the trees start bearing fruits. Majorly, harvesting of lime and Lemon is done within July to November depending on the maturity of the fruits. And Lemon tends to take a longer time to mature than lime. The two fruits are harvested as they change and ripen.